Verb to be – być

One of the most important verbs: być  – to be is irregular and you have to learn its conjugation by heart:

English (singular) Polish English (plural) Polish
I am jestem  We are jesteśmy 
You are jesteś  You are jesteście 
He / She / It is jest  They are są 

Other irregular verbs

jeść  – to eat

English (singular) Polish English (plural) Polish
I am jem  We are jemy 
You are jesz  You are jecie 
He / She / It is je  They are jedzą 

wiedzieć  – to know

English (singular) Polish English (plural) Polish
I am wiem  We are wiemy 
You are wiesz  You are wiecie 
He / She / It is wie  They are wiedzą 

And that’s it! There is many more irregular verbs, which change the stem during conjugation, but if you follow my advice from previous articles and learn the first two forms of each verb, then these irregularities don’t matter! As long as you follow the conjugation pattern everything stays regular:

subject (singular) verb subject (plural) verb
I X We Y
You Y You Y
He / She / It Y They X

Next article

Negative sentences in Present Tense


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