There are two Future Tenses in Polish language. If you already know the Present Tense and Past Tense, then learning Future Tense should be very easy.

Future Simple Tense

The first Future Tense in Polish language is Future Simple Tense. To create a sentence in this tense you have to use only one verb. You can only use perfective verbs in this tense. Perfective verbs are these verbs, which describe completed, one-time activity. To conjugate verbs in this tense you simply have to use the endings of Present Tense. Important thing to note – the imperfective verb and the corresponding to him verb in the same pair do not always use the same endings. Below in the table you can see such a case with the verb “to buy”. Its imperfective form uses -ę -esz endings and its perfective form uses -ię -isz endings.

Examples of imperfective and perfective verbs:

imperfective verb Verb class perfective verb Verb class
pisać  – to be writing -ę -esz napisać  – to have written -ę -esz
kupować  – to be buying -ę -esz kupić  – to have bought -ię -isz
czytać  – to be reading -am -asz przeczytać  – to have read -am -asz
jeść – to be eating -em -esz zjeść – to have eaten -em -esz

Below you can find the conjugation of the perfective verbs from the table above:

napisać – to write

Subject (singular) Polish English Subject (plural) Polish English
I napiszę  I’ll write We napiszemy  We’ll write
You napiszesz  You’ll write You napiszecie  You’ll write
He / She / It napisze  He/She/It will write They napiszą  They’ll write

kupić – to buy

Subject (singular) Polish English Subject (plural) Polish English
I kupię  I’ll buy We kupimy  We’ll buy
You kupisz  You’ll buy You kupicie  You’ll buy
He / She / It kupi  He/She/It will buy They kupią  They’ll buy

przeczytać – to read

Subject (singular) Polish English Subject (plural) Polish English
I przeczytam  I’ll read We przeczytamy  We’ll read
You przeczytasz  You’ll read You przeczytacie  You’ll read
He / She / It przeczyta  He/She/It will read They przeczytają  They’ll read

zjeść – to eat

Subject (singular) Polish English Subject (plural) Polish English
I zjem  I’ll eat We zjemy  We’ll eat
You zjesz  You’ll eat You zjecie  You’ll eat
He / She / It zje  He/She/It will eat They zjedzą  They’ll eat

As you can see, the verbs are the same as in Present Tense.

Future Tense Continuous

To experess continuous, not finished activity in the future, you have to use Future Tense Continuous. This tense requires the usage on the auxiliary verb “to be” and imperfective verbs. The verb “to be” has to be conjugated using its Future forms. The conjugation looks like this:

Subject (singular) Polish English Subject (plural) Polish English
I będę  I’ll be We będziemy  We’ll be
You będziesz  You’ll be You będziecie  You’ll be
He / She / It będzie  He/She/It will be They będą  They’ll be

To create a sentence in Paste Tense Continuous you have two options:

  • firstly choose the correct form from the table above, then add the verb you want to use in the Past Tense third person form. Remember, that the form of the verb in the Past Tense third person depends on the subject gender and number
  • firstly choose the correct form from the table above, then add the verb you want to use in infinitive

Example conjugation:

Singular Plural
Polish (Past Tense 3rd p.) Polish (infinitive) English Polish (Past Tense 3rd p.) Polish (infinitive) English
będę pisał   (masculine) będę pisać  I’ll be writing będziemy pisali   (masculine) będziemy pisać  We’ll be writing
będę pisała  (feminine) będziemy pisały   (non-masculine)
będziesz pisał  (masculine) będziesz pisać  You’ll be writing będziecie pisali   (masculine) będziecie pisać  You’ll be writing
będziesz pisała  (feminine) będziecie pisały   (feminine)
będzie pisał   (masculine) będzie pisać  He’ll be writing będą pisali   (masculine) będą pisać  They’ll be writing
będzie pisała   (feminine) She’ll be writing będą pisały   (non-masculine)
będzie pisało   (neuter) It’ll be writing

These are all the possible combinations of Future Tense Continuous forms of the verb pisać  .

And a bonus curiosity at the end 🙂 When chatting online with Polish people you may often see something like this – bd, for example:

bd wyjeżdżał za 5 minut – I’ll be leaving in 5 minutes.

bd szli do kina. – We’ll be going to a cinema.

This is very common shortcut amoung young people for all the Future Tense forms of the verb to be.

Next article

Future Tense Simple (Czas Przyszły Prosty)

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