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Future Tense - Introduction

There are two Future Tenses in the Polish language. If you already know the Present Tense and Past Tense, then learning Future Tense should be very easy.

Future Simple Tense

The first Future Tense in the Polish language is Future Simple Tense. To create a sentence in this tense you have to use only one verb. You can only use perfective verbs in this tense. Perfective verbs are these verbs, which describe completed, one-time activity. To conjugate verbs in this tense you simply have to use the endings of Present Tense. Important thing to note – the imperfective verb and the corresponding to him verb in the same pair do not always use the same endings. Below in the table you can see such a case with the verb to buy. Its imperfective form uses -esz endings and its perfective form uses -ię -isz endings.

Examples of imperfective and perfective verbs

imperfective verb Verb class perfective verb Verb class
pisać – to be writing -ę -esz napisać – to have written -ę -esz
kupować – to be buying -ę -esz kupić – to have bought -ię -isz
czytać – to be reading -am -asz przeczytać – to have read -am -asz
jeść – to be eating -em -esz zjeść – to have eaten -em -esz

Below you can find the conjugation of the perfective verbs from the table above:

napisać – to write

Polish English Polish English
napiszę I’ll write napiszemy We’ll write
napiszesz You’ll write (sg) napiszecie You’ll write (pl)
napisze He/She/It will write napiszą They’ll write

kupić – to buy

Polish English Polish English
kupię I’ll buy kupimy We’ll buy
kupisz You’ll buy (sg) kupicie You’ll buy (pl)
kupi He/She/It will buy kupią They’ll buy

przeczytać – to read

Polish English Polish English
przeczytam I’ll read przeczytamy We’ll read
przeczytasz You’ll read (sg) przeczytacie You’ll read (pl)
przeczyta He/She/It will read przeczytają They’ll read

zjeść – to eat

Polish English Polish English
zjem I’ll eat zjemy We’ll eat
zjesz You’ll eat (sg) zjecie You’ll eat (pl)
zje He/She/It will eat zjedzą They’ll eat

As you can see, the verbs are using the same endings classes as in Present Tense.

Future Tense Continuous

To experess continuous, not finished activity in the future, you have to use Future Tense Continuous. This tense requires the usage on the auxiliary verb to be and imperfective verbs. The verb to be has to be conjugated using its Future forms. The conjugation looks like this:

Polish English Polish English
będę I’ll be będziemy We’ll be
będziesz You’ll be (sg) będziecie You’ll be (pl)
będzie He/She/It will be będą They’ll be

To create a sentence in Paste Tense Continuous you have two options:

  • firstly choose the correct form from the table above, then add the verb you want to use in the Past Tense third person form. Remember, that the form of the verb in the Past Tense third person depends on the subject gender and number
  • firstly choose the correct form from the table above, then add the verb you want to use in infinitive

Example conjugation using the first method (the verb in 3rd person)

Singular Plural
Polish English Polish English
będę pisał (masculine) I’ll be writing będziemy pisali (masculine) We’ll be writing
będę pisała (feminine) będziemy pisały (non-masculine)
będziesz pisał (masculine) You’ll be writing będziecie pisali (masculine) You’ll be writing
będziesz pisała (feminine) będziecie pisały (feminine)
będzie pisał (masculine) He’ll be writing będą pisali (masculine) They’ll be writing
będzie pisała (feminine) She’ll be writing będą pisały (non-masculine)
będzie pisało (neuter) It’ll be writing

Example conjugation using the second method (the verb in infinitive form)

Singular Plural
Polish English Polish English
będę pisać I’ll be writing będziemy pisać We’ll be writing
będziesz pisać You’ll be writing będziecie pisać You’ll be writing
będzie pisać He’ll be writing będą pisać They’ll be writing
She’ll be writing
It’ll be writing

These are all the possible combinations of Future Tense Continuous forms of the verb pisać .

And a bonus curiosity at the end 🙂 When chatting online with Polish people you may often see something like this – bd


bd wyjeżdżał za 5 minut – I’ll be leaving in 5 minutes.

bd szli do kina. – We’ll be going to a cinema.

This is very common shortcut amoung young people for all the Future Tense forms of the verb to be.

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