Future Tense Simple is for one-time, finished activites hapenning in the future. This tense uses the same endings as Present Tense. The difference is, that Future Tense uses perfective verbs and Present Tense uses imperfective verbs.

Perfective vs Imperfective verbs

Most of the verbs in Polish language come in aspect pairs: imperfective – perfective. Imperfective verbs describe continuous, on-going activity. Perfective verbs describe completed activity. To create a sentence in Future Tense Simple you have to use a perfective verb.

Examples of imperfective-perfective verb pairs:

imperfective verb perfective verb
pisać   – to be writing napisać  – to have written
czytać  – to be reading przeczytać  – to have read
kupować  – to be buying kupić  – to have bought
robić  – to be doing zrobić  – to have done
budować  – to be building zbudować  – to be built

Verbs conjugation

The conjugation of the verbs in Future Tense Simple is the same as in Present Tense. There are four classes of verb endings (the same classes as in Present Tense – you don’t have to learn any additional endings!) and you also have to learn the first two forms of the verb to predict to which class of endings a certain verb belongs. The tables below present all the endings for each class:

First class: -ę -esz verbs

subject (singular) ending subject (plural) ending
I ę We emy
You esz You ecie
He / She / It e They ą

Second class: -ię/ę -isz/ysz verbs

subject (singular) ending subject (plural) ending
I ię/ę We imy/ymy
You isz/ysz You icie/ycie
He / She / It i/y They ią/ą

Third class: -am -asz verbs

subject (singular) ending subject (plural) ending
I am We amy
You asz You acie
He / She / It a They -ają

Fourth class: -em -esz verbs

subject (singular) ending subject (plural) ending
I em We emy
You esz You ecie
He / She / It e They -eją

As you can see, they are the same as in Present Tense. Below you can see 5 example conjugations of perfective verb – one for each class of endings (second class has two groups of endings, that’s why there are 5 conjugations, not 4 =) ):

napisać  – to write

subject (singular) verb english subject (plural) verb english
I napiszę  I’ll write We napiszemy  We’ll write
You napiszesz  You’ll write You napiszecie  You’ll write
He / She / It napisz He / She / It will write They napiszą  They’ll write

wymyślić  – to think of / come up with

subject (singular) verb english subject (plural) verb english
I wymyślę  I’ll think of / come up with We wymyślimy  We’ll think of / come up with
You wymyślisz  You’ll think of / come up with You wymyślicie  You’ll think of / come up with
He / She / It wymyśli  He / She / It will think of / come up with They wymyślą  They’ll think of / come up with

usłyszeć – to hear

subject (singular) verb english subject (plural) verb english
I usłyszę  I’ll hear We usłyszymy  We’ll hear
You usłyszysz  You’ll hear You usłyszycie  You’ll hear
He / She / It usłysz He / She / It will hear They usłyszą  They’ll hear

zaśpiewać  – to sing

subject (singular) verb english subject (plural) verb english
I zaśpiewam  I’ll sing We zaśpiewamy  We’ll sing
You zaśpiewasz  You’ll sing You zaśpiewacie  You’ll sing
He / She / It zaśpiew He / She / It will sing They zaśpiewają  They’ll sing

zrozumieć  – to understand

subject (singular) verb english subject (plural) verb english
I zrozumiem  I’ll understand We zrozumiemy  We’ll understand
You zrozumiesz  You’ll understand You zrozumiecie  You’ll understand
He / She / It zrozumi He / She / It will understand They zrozumieją  They’ll understand

As you can see, it is pretty straightforward. Everything looks like in Present Tense. If you don’t understand what is going on here, read firstly the Present Tense (Czas teraźniejszy). They clearly explain all the conjugation mechanism.

When learning a perfective verb, apart from the infinitive, you also have to learn its two first conjugation forms. It will allow you to correctly predict its conjugation class and create rest of the forms (the same situation as in Present Tense).

The perfective verbs, like imperfective verbs, also have irregularities and changes in the stem during conjugation. Again the same situation as in Present Tense – you can predict the stem change from the two first conjugation forms. The stem change is regular and you can apply the same pattern to the stem change, as in Present Tense:

subject (singular) verb subject (plural) verb
I X We Y
You Y You Y
He / She / It Y They X

Here you can see how this pattern works:

zabrać  – to take

subject (singular) verb english subject (plural) verb english
I zabiorę  I’ll take We zabierzemy  We’ll take
You zabierzesz  You’ll take You zabierzecie  You’ll take
He / She / It zabierze  He / She / It will take They zabiorą  They’ll take

I hope this article was clear to you and now you know how to use the Future Tense Simple! If not, I encourage you to read these articles about Present Tense (Czas teraźniejszy). Future Tense Simple is just Present Tense, but instead of imperfective verbs, you have to use perfective verbs.


Next article

Future Tense Continuous (Czas Przyszły Ciągły)


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