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Future Tense Simple (Czas Przyszły Prosty)

Future Tense Simple is for one-time, finished activites hapenning in the future. This tense uses the same endings as Present Tense. The difference is, that Future Tense uses perfective verbs and Present Tense uses imperfective verbs.

Perfective vs Imperfective verbs

Most of the verbs in the Polish language come in aspect pairs: imperfective – perfective. Imperfective verbs describe continuous, on-going activity. Perfective verbs describe completed activity. To create a sentence in Future Tense Simple you have to use a perfective verb.

Examples of imperfective-perfective verb pairs:

imperfective verb perfective verb
pisać – to be writing napisać – to have written
czytać – to be reading przeczytać – to have read
kupować – to be buying kupić – to have bought
robić – to be doing zrobić – to have done
budować – to be building zbudować – to be built

Verbs conjugation

The conjugation of the verbs in Future Tense Simple is the same as in Present Tense. There are four classes of verb endings (the same classes as in Present Tense – you don’t have to learn any additional endings!) and you also have to learn the first two forms of the verb to predict to which class of endings a certain verb belongs. The tables below present all the endings for each class:

First class: -esz verbs

Subject (singular) Ending Subject (plural) Ending
I –ę We –emy
You –esz You –ecie
He / She / It –e They –ą

Second class: -ię / ę -isz / ysz verbs

Subject (singular) Ending Subject (plural) Ending
I –ię / ę We –imy / ymy
You –isz / ysz You –icie / ycie
He / She / It –i / y They –ią / ą

Third class: -am -asz verbs

Subject (singular) Ending Subject (plural) Ending
I –am We –amy
You –asz You –acie
He / She / It –a They –ają

Fourth class: -em -esz verbs

Subject (singular) Ending Subject (plural) Ending
I –em We –emy
You –esz You –ecie
He / She / It –e They –eją

As you can see, they are the same as in Present Tense.

Example conjugations

Below you can see 5 example conjugations of perfective verb – one for each class of endings (second class has two groups of endings, that’s why there are 5 conjugations, not 4 =) ):

napisać – to write

polish english polish english
napiszę I’ll write napiszemy We’ll write
napiszesz You’ll write (sg) napiszecie You’ll write (pl)
napisze He / She / It will write napiszą They’ll write

wymyślić – to think of / come up with

polish english polish english
wymyślę I’ll think of / come up with wymyślimy We’ll think of / come up with
wymyślisz You’ll think of / come up with (sg) wymyślicie You’ll think of / come up with (pl)
wymyśli He / She / It will think of / come up with wymyślą They’ll think of / come up with

usłyszeć – to hear

polish english polish english
usłyszę I’ll hear usłyszymy We’ll hear
usłyszysz You’ll hear (sg) usłyszycie You’ll hear (pl)
usłyszy He / She / It will hear usłyszą They’ll hear

zaśpiewać – to sing

polish english polish english
zaśpiewam I’ll sing zaśpiewamy We’ll sing
zaśpiewasz You’ll sing (sg) zaśpiewacie You’ll sing (pl)
zaśpiewa He / She / It will sing zaśpiewają They’ll sing

zrozumieć – to understand

polish english polish english
zrozumiem I’ll understand zrozumiemy We’ll understand
zrozumiesz You’ll understand (sg) zrozumiecie You’ll understand (pl)
zrozumie He / She / It will understand zrozumieją They’ll understand

As you can see, it is pretty straightforward. Everything looks like in Present Tense. If you don’t understand what is going on here, read firstly the Present Tense (Czas teraźniejszy) articles. They clearly explain all the conjugation mechanism.

When learning a perfective verb, apart from the infinitive, you also have to learn its two first conjugation forms. It will allow you to correctly predict its conjugation class and create rest of the forms (the same situation as in Present Tense).

The perfective verbs, like imperfective verbs, also have irregularities and changes in the stem during conjugation. Again the same situation as in Present Tense – you can predict the stem change from the two first conjugation forms. The stem change is regular and you can apply the same pattern to the stem change, as in Present Tense:

Subject (singular) Verb Subject (plural) Verb
I X We Y
You Y You Y
He / She / It Y They X

zabrać – to take

polish english polish english
zabiorę I’ll take zabierzemy We’ll take
zabierzesz You’ll take (sg) zabierzecie You’ll take (pl)
zabierze He / She / It will take zabiorą They’ll take

I hope this article was clear to you and now you know how to use the Future Tense Simple! If not, I encourage you to read these articles about Present Tense (Czas teraźniejszy). Future Tense Simple is just Present Tense, but instead of imperfective verbs, you have to use perfective verbs.

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