Future Tense Continuous (Czas Przyszły Ciągły)¶
Future Tense Continuous is very simple in the Polish language. It has two interchangeable forms. If you use its simpler form, then the only thing you have to learn is the conjugation of the verb
to be in the Future Tense.
When you want to create a sentence in Future Tense Continuous, you have to use imperfective verbs and attach to them the same endings as in Present Tense.
The verb to be – być¶
to be works as an auxiliary verb in Future Tense Continuous. It is the only verb, which apart from the Present Tense conjugation forms, also has the Future Tense conjugation forms:
Present Tense conjugation of być - to be¶
|I am||jestem||We are||jesteśmy|
|You are (sg)||jesteś||You are (pl)||jesteście|
|He / She / It is||jest||They are||są|
Future Tense conjugation of być - to be¶
|I’ll be||będę||We’ll be||będziemy|
|You’ll be (sg)||będziesz||You’ll be (pl)||będziecie|
|He / She / It will be||będzie||They’ll be||będą|
You have to learn the above conjugation of the verb to be to create sentences in Future Tense Continuous.
To transform any verb to Future Tense Continuous form you have to choose one of these two options:
to be future conjugation form+
3rd person Past Tense verb form
to be future conjugation form+
infinitive verb form
First option: to be + past tense¶
The first option is more difficult, because you have to know the conjugation of verbs in Past Tense in third person. In the third person Past Tense each verb has 5 different forms. The form depends on the number and gender of the subject. For example, the verb
to do - robić has these forms:
Let's see how to use these Past Tense forms in Future Tense.
Below you can see all the Future Tense forms of the verb
robić – to do. They are conbination of Future Tense forms of the verb
to be and third person Past Tense conjugation forms of the verb
|będę robił (masculine)||I’ll be doing||będziemy robili (masculine)||We’ll be doing|
|będę robiła (feminine)||będziemy robiły (non-masculine)|
|będziesz robił (masculine)||You’ll be doing||będziecie robili (masculine)||You’ll be doing|
|będziesz robiła (feminine)||będziecie robiły (feminine)|
|będzie robił (masculine)||He’ll be doing||będą robili (masculine)||They’ll be doing|
|będzie robiła (feminine)||She’ll be doing||będą robiły (non-masculine)|
|będzie robiło (neuter)||It’ll be doing|
As you can see, all the five Past Tense forms have been used in Future Tense. The first three forms are for the singular subject. The last two forms are for the plural subject. The form also depends on the gender of the subject, as shown in the table above.
to be +
If you don’t know the Paste Tense conjugation forms, you can use the second, easier method to create Future Tense Continuous in the Polish Language. Instead of using the 3rd person Past Tense form of the verb, you can simply substitute it with the infinitive form of the verb. Using this construction of Future Tense is a little colloquial, but people tend to use it very often. Below you can see the conjugation for the same verb
robić, using the second method:
|I’ll be doing||będę robić||We’ll be doing||będziemy robić|
|You’ll be doing (sg)||będziesz robić||You’ll be doing (pl)||będziecie robić|
|He / She / It will be doing||będzie robić||They’ll be doing||będą robić|
As I said, this method is very easy. All you have to learn is the Future Tense conjugation of the verb to be and the infinitive form of the verb. Keep in mind, that in Future Tense Continuous you can only use imperfective verbs!
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