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Demonstrative Pronouns

What are demonstrative pronouns?

Demonstrative pronouns are the words, that you put usually before a noun to indicate what thing you are talking about. Examples of demonstrative pronouns in English: this, that, these, those.

Variants of demonstrative pronouns in Polish

In the Polish language demonstrative Pronouns have different forms depending on the number, gender and case of the noun. Also - like in the English language - there are different demonstrative pronouns depending on how far an object is. Below you can see tables with all the possible forms.

This / These

These two words are much more complicated in the Polish language. Their form depends on number, gender and case of the noun.

singular (this) plural (these)
case masculine feminine neuter masculine non-masculine
Nominative ten ta to ci te
Genitive tego tej tego tych tych
Dative temu tej temu tym tym
Accusative tego to tych te
Instrumental tym tym tymi tymi
Locative tym tej tym tych tych

That / Those

When talking about an object, which is far away we use different words – like in English. Fortunatelly they are quite straightforward if you already know forms from the previous table. Simply add tam- on the beginning of each word.

Exception

Be careful with the one exception in singular feminine form for Accusative case. The correct form is tamtą - not tamtę.

singular (that) plural (those)
case masculine feminine neuter masculine non-masculine
Nominative tamten tamta tamto tamci tamte
Genitive tamtego tamtej tamtego tamtych tamtych
Dative tamtemu tamtej tamtemu tamtym tamtym
Accusative tamtego tamtą tamto tamtych tamte
Instrumental tamtym tamtą tamtym tamtymi tamtymi
Locative tamtym tamtej tamtym tamtych tamtych

Examples

Affirmative sentences

This man is waiting for you. - Ten mężczyzna czeka na ciebie.

That man is waiting for you. - Tamten mężczyzna czeka na ciebie.

These men are waiting for you. - Ci mężczyźni czekają na ciebie.

Those men are waiting for you. - Tamci mężczyźni czekają na ciebie.

Questions

Do you see this dog? - Czy widzisz tego psa?

Do you see that dog? - Czy widzisz tamtego psa?

Do you see this frog? - Czy widzisz żabę?

Do you see that frog? - Czy widzisz tamtą żabę?

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