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Nominative Case is the first Polish case. When you are learning new words you should learn their Nominative Case form. Nominative Case form is the form, that you can find in dictionaries.

Nominative Case answers to the questions kto? and co? Below you can see examples of sentences and their corresponding questions, which use the Nominative Case:

kto?

Dzieci idą do szkoły. - The children go to the school.

Kto idzie do szkoły? - Who goes to the school?


dzieci - Nominative

co?

To jest mój dom. - This is my home.

Co to jest? - What is it?


mój dom - Nominative

Usage

Subject of the sentence

Subjects of the sentences use Nominative Case. Subject is the person, who performs the action.

Examples

Nasi rodzice ciężko pracują. - Our parents work hard.


nasi rodzice - Nominative

Marek uczy się języka polskiego. - Mark learns the Polish language.


Marek - Nominative

Drzewa rosną w lesie. - Trees grow in the forest.


drzewa - Nominative

Sklepy są zamknięte w niedzielę. - The shops are closed on Sunday.


sklepy - Nominative

Pogoda w górach jest nieprzewidywalna. - The weather in mountains is unpredictable.


pogoda - Nominative

Identifying phrases

Nominative Case should be used after It is, This is, That is, These are and Those are.

Examples

To jest poczta. - It / This / That is a post office.


poczta - Nominative

To jest moja dziewczyna. - It / This / That is my girlfriend.


moja dziewczyna - Nominative

To są książki. - These /Those are books.


książki - Nominative

To są moi uczniowie. - These / Those are my students.


moi uczniowie - Nominative

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